Seismic Forum 2014 in Jamaica
Following a March 2013 mission in which noted international seismic expert, Dr. Eric Calais, urged Jamaica to prepare for large earthquakes, the call comes again from several local, regional and international stakeholders at the Seismic Risk Forum organized by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in collaboration with the and the Office of Disaster preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM).
The forum held from 8 to 9 January 2014 in Kingston, Jamaica, saw experts from Haiti, Japan, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Chile, and several government and non-government agencies in Jamaica, as well as the private sector, sharing experiences, challenges and best practices for seismic risk reduction and building national resilience. The main outcome of the meeting will be a roadmap defining key activities, roles, responsibilities and resources for enhanced seismic risk preparedness in Jamaica.
Arun Kashyap UN Resident Coordinator/ UNDP Resident Representative Ceremony indicated that the issue of Seismic risk preparation should not just be seen as international priority but also as an opportunity for collaborations towards the safety of the people of Jamaica.
University of the West Indies (UWI) lecturer and ODPEM representatives all indicated that several recent studies have shown Jamaica’s seismic risk level to be worrysome with increased stress activity in fault lines and several emergency response systems not being adequately prepared to cope with a national pandemic respectively.
Additionally, from the University of West Indies, concretely from the Institute of Sustainable Development insist on the likely impact of the 1907 Earthquake should it have occurred in 2007, highlighting the severe economic impact that such an earthquake could have on Jamaica’s current economy. Varied sectors including housing, government buildings and emergency infrastructure demonstrated the potential to stand at 15% building loss, with an excess of US $5.5 billion in general losses, and construction costs that would exceed US$7-8B; utilities such as electricity could be out of service for 4-5 months with the transportation and distribution sector being the most affected. Loss in employment was estimated at 911,000 in the first 4-5 months.
For their part, international partners all urged the island to prepare for hazards, especially with no indication of when an event such as an earthquake could occur. Collaboratively, the stakeholders worked in groups and did presentations around five themes, namely: Identification of Capacity Development & Resources; Regulatory Framework/Building Codes; Requirements for Assessment of Critical Facilities; Roles and Responsibilities; and Communication and Awareness. In the end, this wide ranging group of stakeholders, over the course of one and a half days, were able to identify the critical seismic risk issues to be addressed and varied systematic and structural changes to be made to improve Jamaica’s resilience to seismic events.
Adding to the continued efforts at disaster preparedness, several other new changes may soon be coming as the forum sought to develop a roadmap in partnership with all stakeholders: working towards the approval of the building act; identifying critical facilities and assessing same; establishing south-south partnerships towards seismic risk reduction in Jamaica and sensitizing various government and non-government entities.
The forum ended with commitments from UNDP and ODPEM to continue to support the process through policy and legislative reform, interventions at the local and national level to improve preparedness and support for the preparation of the Road Map/Outcome Document to provide a framework on the way forward.