Giving a voice to female victims in Guatemala
“We couldn’t stand the hunger, we were homeless, everything had been destroyed. We were desperate and so my mother decided to give herself up to the squadron ... But instead of welcoming us, they hurt us," recalls Elena de Paz, a survivor of the domestic armed conflict in Guatemala, who was raped by soldiers. It was 1982 and Elena was 12.
Thirty-one years since she saw her family and community torn apart, she has decided to tell her story. "It is vital for there to be justice because I do not want my children to go through such a terrible ordeal, and I do not want such things to happen to anybody ever again."
- More than 16 million documents from the archives of the former National Police are now available to the public.
- A Gene Bank that meets international standards has made it possible to identify nearly 2,000 victims.
- An annual average of 20,000 families of victims have received legal and psychosocial support in the process of searching for the remains of their loved ones.
Elena is one of the 97 witnesses who have given their testimony during a trial for genocide and crimes against humanity in 2013. With support from UNDP’s Transitional Justice Programme (PAJUST), for the first time in the country’s history, Elena and other 9 women from the Mayan town of Ixil shared their stories of sexual violence.
"When I came to testify, I felt happy and sad at the same time, because I couldn´t help but remember what had happened to my Mother," Elena said.
Funded by USAID, the Netherlands, Denmark and Sweden, the project supports capacity building for the State and civil society to enable the full exercise of the right to truth, justice and reparations for victims and promotes measures to ensure that these violations of human rights do not happen again.
The project supplies technical assistance and funding for civil society organizations, which have provided legal and psychological assistance to victims and witnesses. UNDP also provides technical assistance to prosecutors and judges through the recruitment of specialized experts who have implemented training courses on international standards and facilitated coordination between prosecutors, civil society organizations, forensic anthropologists, UN agencies such as OHCHR and UN WOMEN, as well as other international organizations.
"The joint efforts between civil society and state institutions can yield favorable results in terms of the rights of victims. These efforts complement the capacity building for institutions that make up the justice system," says PAJUST Coordinator, Lucy Turner.
According to the Historical Clarification Report, 93 percent of the atrocities in the conflict were committed by the army. With the support of UNDP, more than 16 million documents from the National Police Archives are now accessible to the public and judicial institutions. In addition, a Gene Bank is allowing for the identification of nearly 2,000 victims, so that their remains can be returned to their families, and an average of 20,000 relatives of victims have received legal and psychosocial support during the process of searching for the remains of their loved ones.
"Meeting other women who went through the same experiences gave me greater strength and courage, because I realized that I had not been the only woman who had faced such things," Elena added.