Public opinion polls, such as LAPOP and Latinobarómetro, show that citizens in Latin American and Caribbean countries prefer democracy to other forms of government. Nevertheless, a substantial proportion of the population are not particularly satisfied with how their democratic systems perform (50.7% satisfied, 2014, LAPOP). Although poverty and inequality have been reduced and millions of people have been included in the middle classes in the last decade, the region still faces challenges. Therefore, promoting effective democratic governance systems, practices and principles is critical in addressing structural inequalities affecting Latin American and Caribbean societies.
Under the Governance and Peacebuilding efforts, UNDP works to ensure inclusive and effective democratic governance, and is committed to contributing to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
The region still faces challenges: reversing inequalities, overcoming vulnerabilities, moving beyond extractive-based development models, designing comprehensive citizen security public policies and strengthening democratic governance, and the gap between citizen demands and public policy responses. Good governance promotes equity, participation, pluralism, transparency, accountability and the rule of law, in a manner that respects human rights and is effective, efficient and enduring. Photo: UNDP in Guatemalamore