6 Reduce child mortality

Where are we?

 Girl from El Salvador

The Latin America and the Caribbean countries differ widely in undernutrition estimates, with 17 countries having reached the MDG target early or being expected to do so by 2015, while nearly an equal share of countries are reporting stagnant, and even deteriorating progress.

Sub-national disparities in child undernutrition remain a challenge, thereby limiting the region’s ability to tackle poverty reduction in the long-term. In the developing regions as a whole, children living in rural areas are almost twice as likely to be underweight than children in urban households. But the largest gap is in Latin America and the Caribbean, where eight per cent of children are underweight in rural areas—more than twice the rate in cities. This also reflects remaining challenges in reducing social and economic inequalities within the same country.

Moreover, the Economic Comission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) notes how the children of illiterate women of indigenous or afro-descendant origin living in Central America or Andean countries are the population group most at risk of suffering from undernutrition.

Under-five mortality rate, 1990 and 2011

Bar Chart

1.68 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles