2013 MDG Report Haiti a New Look
Haiti has made significant progress to achieve most of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), having reached—or almost reached—several development targets, according to a new report launched today by the Haitian Government and the UN Development Programme (UNDP).
The 2013 MDG Report Haiti a New Look (available in French) shows that the country has steadily boosted net enrollment rate in primary education from 47 percent in 1993 to 88 percent in 2011, achieving equal participation of boys and girls in education (MDG 2). Haiti has also halved the number of underweight children under five years old (MDG 1) three years ahead of the 2015 deadline. And extreme poverty has stabilized at 24 percent in 2012.
In spite of the devastating 2010 earthquake which killed at least 200,000 people—including 30 percent of Haitian civil servants—the country also made notable progress in health indicators, with infant mortality decreasing 44 percent since 1990, faster than the global average (MDG 4). The number of pregnant women having at least one antenatal visit rose from 68 percent in 1990 to 90 percent in 2010 contributing significantly to reduce maternal mortality (MDG 5).
Moreover, nearly 65 percent of households now have improved access to water, compared to 36.5 percent in 1995, according to the new Government of Haiti-UNDP report, which also stresses that HIV/AIDS has stabilized with a prevalence of 0.9 percent among the population aged 15-24 (MDG 6).
The eight Millennium Development Goals – which range from halving extreme poverty rates to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest.
- MDG 1: The richest 1 percent of Haitians own the same wealth as 45 percent of the poorest population. There is a new baseline of poverty in Haiti, based on consumption: The national poverty rate is 58.6 percent, the extreme poverty rate: 24.7 percent
- MDG 2: The net enrollment rate in primary education has increased steadily from 47 percent in 1993 to 88 percent in 2011
- MDG 3: Women occupy more than 20 percent of government positions, but only 4.3 percent of seats in parliament.
- MDG 4: The number of children vaccinated against measles increased from 25.80 percent in 1987 to 85 percent in 2013.
- MDG 5: In rural areas, 75 percent of births are still without the assistance of qualified personnel in obstetrics. In urban areas, the majority of women give birth with medical assistance—nearly 60 percent.
- MDG 6: 46 percent of women know that HIV can be transmitted through breastfeeding; HIV/AIDS prevalence has stabilized between young Haitians aged 15-24 years, from 1 percent in 2006 to 0.9 percent in 2012.
- MDG 7: 16,000 hectares of forest have been planted since 1990
- MDG 8: From 2012 and 2013, the Department of the West received 34 percent of official development assistance, compared to 1 percent in Nippes and Northeast